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Report of the Global Thematic Consultation on Governance and the Post 2015 Development Agenda

As the 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) deadline approaches, the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) outlined a UN-led process to determine the post-2015 development framework. To contribute to the UN system-wide effort, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) was asked to :
1) facilitate national consultations in at least 50 countries ;
2) hold global thematic consultations on key issues pertaining to the post-2015 development agenda ; and
3) create a web portal for interaction and information exchange.
The results of these efforts will serve as input to the work of the High-Level Panel (HLP) named by the Secretary-General after the Rio+20 conferences in June 2012.

Africa can and should make a significant contribution to the post-2015 development agenda. One of the eleven global thematic consultations was held in South Africa on 28 February and 1 March 2013, titled The Global Consultation on Governance and the Post-2015 Development Agenda. Prior to this, three pre-meetings were held at the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) during February 2013, with contributions from Parliament, media, academic institutions, and civil society organisations. They focused on framing governance and the post-2015 development agenda in the African context and financing sustainable development in Africa post- 2015.

The following emerged as key themes for Africa in the post-2015 development framework :

The post-MDG agenda must be framed within an integrated approach to the political, social, economic and ecological transformation imperatives facing the continent. This discourse should be located within an understanding of the democratic developmental state with sufficient capacity (including human, financial, technological and institutional) to drive a transformative and sustainable human development agenda that is inclusive and puts human security and citizens at the core. It should be innovative and future-oriented instead of focused on the short-term. It should place deliberate emphasis on the capabilities and well-being of people as well as the relationship of humans and the environment that sustains them. The new development Agenda should focus on expanding people’s freedoms and opportunities to live long, healthy and creative lives ; to advance other goals they have reason to value ; and to engage actively in shaping development equitably and sustainably in a more integrated African Continent. This requires a paradigm shift towards over-arching development objectives that equally and concurrently prioritize socio-economic and political integration of Africa ; poverty eradication ; changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production ; and protecting and effectively governing the natural resource base of economic and social development.

African developmental priorities must be owned, implemented and monitored through African-driven normative frameworks and institutions such as the African Union Commission (AUC) ; NEPAD Coordination Agency (NPCA) ; and the Africa Peer Review Mechanism (APRM). This presumes the existence of empowered and informed African citizenry, parliaments, private and media sectors. It is also predicated on a realignment of the balance of power and the effective and informed participation of all sectors of society, including excluded, marginalised and/or disenfranchised groups such as : women ; indigenous peoples ; religious, ethnic minorities ; migrants, refugees and displaced persons ; persons living with disabilities ; women ; and perhaps most crucially, the youth who will inherit the on-going inter-generational challenges of environmental and ecological sustainability. Another part of the answer lies in an African Union development vision and system equipped to help African countries to address the new imperatives of a future that is likely to be turbulent, marked by great uncertainty and volatility, however, very rich in both potential and risks. There are valuable AU system-wide assets to build on such as a strong normative base ; shared values agenda ; vibrant Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and AU Organs and institutions ; leadership commitment ; legitimacy, and new sense of self-belief and confidence.

For financing of the post-2015 agenda to be sustainable, a shift away from dependency on policy-limiting external partners is needed. To this end, a greater focus on Domestic Resource Mobilisation (DRM) is indicated. This must be underpinned by domestic capacity for more effective and efficient revenue mobilisation and utilization, closing tax gaps and addressing problems of illicit and licit capital flight. Shifting geo-political and global economic realities provide concrete opportunities for leveraging partnerships with both traditional and emerging partners, as well as opportunities to optimise South-South arrangements such as BRICS, both for adaptable and replicable lessons, as well as for new potential funding streams for mutual benefit. However, this will require that African governments and people make the best of their own resources, and build credible voices to shape global partnerships. Any external assistance received by or given to Africa should build on existing continental assets such as Regional Integration, national development strategies , sub-regional strategic plans and collective programmes on infrastructure, ICTs, policy harmonization and human capital development.

Africa can leap-frog other regions of the world in the field of technology. However, Africa must prioritize beneficiation of its raw materials ; micro and macro-level infrastructure ; inclusive local economic development and industrialization ; fit-for-purpose educational programmes ; local content and procurement and diversification within the economy. These priorities should in-turn inform the removal of barriers to increased intra-African trade, as well as the freedom of movement, right of residence and establishment for all Africans. For Africa to make optimal use of technology there is a concomitant need to develop innovative and future-oriented technologies, including those that utilise new media and capitalise on the rapid penetration of mobile telephony in previously under-connected areas. Examples include banking the unbanked, learning from and building on innovations such as MPESA, and using new technology to advance the accountability monitoring capacity of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and citizens.

Publié le 6 novembre 2013

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