Mot-clé acteur :
Mots-clés thématiques :
Mot-clé géographique :
Eastern African Standby Brigade Coordination Mechanism (EASBRICOM), Westwood Park, PO Box 1444 - 00502, Karen, Nairobi, KENYA, Kenya
Tél : +254 208 84720 / Fax : +254 020 884633
Site : www.easbrig.org
The need for a common African defence and security policy was stressed during the Inaugural Summit of the AU held in Durban, South Africa, in July 2002, when the Assembly of Heads of State and Government deliberated the proposal of Libyan leader that Africa establishes a single continental army. The African leaders were also motivated to respond to the multifaceted challenges to stability, security and cooperation on the continent. It is in this context that the Constitutive Act of the AU in Article 4(d) calls for the establishment of a common defence policy for the African continent.
EASBRIG (Eastern Africa Standby Brigade)
In implementing the AU Commission’s requirements, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) convened the Jinja meeting of Experts in February 2004 on the establishment of the Eastern Africa Standby Brigade (EASBRIG). This was followed by a meeting of Eastern African Chiefs of Defence Staff (EACDS) from the Comoros (which sent a representative), Djibouti, Kenya, Madagascar, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda, the defence attaché of Tanzania, who attended as an observer and a representative from the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). There were also observers from the Multinational Stand-by High Readiness Brigade for United Nations operations (SHIRBRIG) and Reinforcement of African Peacekeeping Capacity (RECAMP). It was noted that, once established, EASBRIG would encompass 13 east African countries. Hence, in addition to those mentioned above would be included Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mauritius and the Seychelles.
EASBRICOM (Eastern African Standby Brigade Coordination Mechanism)
EASBRICOM was operationalized following the approval by the 1st Extraordinary Summit of Head of State and Government of the Eastern Africa Region, held on the 28thJanuary 2007 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at the Sidelines of the AU Summit. EASBRICOM being the “Independent Coordination Secretariat” for EASBRIG is now known as EASBRICOM. Upon decisions made by the 2nd Extra Ordinary Council of Ministers of Defense and Security of the Eastern Africa region which met on the 30th March 2007 in Nairobi, Five key Professionals were appointed to fill the five approved key positions in EASBRICOM.
Mission and Objectives
1. Provide an enabling environment for attain the objectives of the Constitutive Act.
2. Work towards Regional collective response to both internal and external threats
3. Work towards elimination of suspicions and rivalry through cooperation in security and defense.
4. Closer cooperation in defense matters, common training, exchange of information, common doctrine and building collective capacity
5. Provision of best practices and develop strategic capabilities.
6. Collective defense and strategic capability as well as military preparedness
7. Facilitate the establishment of a threat deterrence and containment capacity within the region.
8. Integrate and harmonize initiatives in the regional on defense and security
9. Encourage the conclusion and ratification of non –aggression pacts among the regions Member States and harmonize such agreements with other regions.
10. Provide framework for effective and coordinated humanitarian action, effective participation of women in conflict management